Mountain Bike VS Road Bike

Mountain Bike VS Road Bike

Classification of mountain bikes

Suspension Type: 

Hardtail - Only has a front suspension fork

Full-Suspension - Has both front and rear suspension

Rigid - Has no suspension

Wheel Size: 27.5" (650b)/ 29"/ 26" (traditional mountain bike size)

Frame Material: Steel/ Aluminum/ Carbon Fiber

Intended Use:

Cross-Country (XC) - Lightweight and efficient for racing

Trail - Well-rounded for general trail riding

All-Mountain (Enduro) - Designed for technical, steep terrain

Downhill (DH) - Heavy-duty bikes for riding lift-served bike parks


Here are some common mountain bike brands and models:


Roscoe series (Roscoe 7, Roscoe 8, etc.)

Marlin series (Marlin 5, Marlin 6, Marlin 7, etc.)

Fuel EX series (Fuel EX 5, Fuel EX 7, Fuel EX 8, etc.)


Rockhopper series (Rockhopper Comp, Rockhopper Elite, etc.)

Stumpjumper series (Stumpjumper Alloy, Stumpjumper Comp, etc.)

Fuse series (Fuse Comp, Fuse Expert, etc.)


Talon series (Talon 3, Talon 29 2, etc.)

Fathom series (Fathom 2, Fathom 29 2, etc.)

Stance series (Stance 2, Stance 29 2, etc.)


Aspect series (Aspect 960, Aspect 970, etc.)

Scale series (Scale 960, Scale 970, etc.)

Spark series (Spark 970, Spark RC 900 Comp, etc.)


Classification of road bikes

Intended Use:

Racing - Lightweight, aerodynamic bikes for competitive road riding

Endurance - More relaxed geometry for longer, more comfortable rides

Sportive - Balanced between racing and endurance for recreational riding

Gravel - Designed for riding on unpaved roads and light off-road terrain

Frame Material: Carbon Fiber/ Aluminum/ Steel/ Titanium


Mechanical - Traditional cable-actuated shifting

Electronic - Battery-powered electronic shifting (e.g. Di2, eTap)

Wheel Size:

700c - The standard road bike wheel size

650b - Smaller wheels used for smaller frame sizes


Here are some common road bike brands and models:


Madone series (Madone SL 6 Disc, Madone SL 7 Pro, etc.)

Domane series (Domane SL 5, Domane SL 7, etc.)

Émonda series (Émonda SL 5, Émonda SL 6, etc.)


Tarmac series (Tarmac SL6 Sport, Tarmac SL7 Expert, etc.)

Roubaix series (Roubaix Sport, Roubaix Expert, etc.)

Allez series (Allez Elite, Allez E5 Sport, etc.)


Defy series (Defy Advanced 2, Defy Advanced Pro 1, etc.)

TCR series (TCR Advanced 2, TCR Advanced Pro 1, etc.)

Propel series (Propel Advanced 2, Propel Advanced Pro 1, etc.)


Oltre XR4 (Oltre XR4 Disc Ultegra, Oltre XR4 CV Disc Ultegra, etc.)

Aria series (Aria Evo Ultegra, Aria Evo Disc Ultegra, etc.)

Infinito CV series (Infinito CV Disc Ultegra, Infinito CV Disc Chorus, etc.)


The main differences between mountain bikes and road bikes are as follows:


  • Frame design:

Mountain bikes: Use a stronger and stronger frame, suitable for off-road conditions.

Road bike: The frame is lighter and the geometric size is smaller, mainly pursuing high-speed performance.

  • Tire size:

Mountain bikes: Use wider and rough tires, suitable for driving on rough roads.

Road bike: Use slender tires to achieve lower rolling resistance on smooth roads.

  • Transmission system:

Mountain bikes: Generally have more front and rear transmission gears, suitable for slopes and rough terrain.

Road bike: There are fewer transmission gears, but they are lighter and suitable for high-speed riding.

  • Braking System:

Mountain bikes: Disc brakes are commonly used to provide strong braking force.

Road bikes: Most use cable brakes, which are lighter but have slightly poorer braking power.

  • Riding position:

Mountain bike: more upright, convenient for off-road control.

Road bike: leans forward more, which helps increase riding speed.

  • weight:

Mountain bike: The weight is heavier, usually 12-16 kg.

Road bike: lighter in weight, generally 7-10 kg.

Generally speaking, mountain bikes are more suitable for riding on complex road conditions, while road bikes focus more on speed and efficiency and are suitable for high-speed riding on flat roads. Both models have their own advantages and disadvantages and are suitable for different usage scenarios.Taken together, mountain bikes and road bikes each have their own applicable scenarios, and you need to choose according to your personal riding needs and preferences.

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